Can H3N2 infection lead to kidney problems?

India is facing a new surge in H3N2 infections, with Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat and Delhi on high alert. While most cases of the total number of H3N2 influenza cases identified in the country were mild. The government has issued recommendations to take appropriate measures, according to reports, adults over 65, children and other immunocompromised people. There is a greater risk of infection. in fact Patients with kidney disease are also at higher risk. experts say

Healthshots asked Dr. Saurabh Joshi, Senior Consultant and Chief of Urology. Urology and Oncology and kidney transplant, Accord Hospital, Faridabad, Delhi NCR, to understand the link between kidney disease and the H3N2 virus.

Does the H3N2 virus affect your kidneys?

H3N2 is a type of influenza virus that can cause severe respiratory disease. especially in those with immunocompromised or congenital disease Although influenza is generally not known to directly affect the kidneys, But complications from the virus can cause acute kidney injury in some cases, Dr. Joshi said.

H3N2 virus in India
H3N2 Virus Complications You Should Know Image Courtesy: Adobe Stock

For dialysis patients who are at high risk for influenza-related complications due to weakened immune systems and underlying health conditions, H3N2 infection can be particularly challenging. Patients on dialysis require regular treatment to filter waste products from the blood. due to abnormal kidney function if they are infected with influenza Their immune system may not be able to effectively fight the virus. This leads to more serious illness and potentially life-threatening complications.

Read more: H3N2 virus symptoms and precautions to know

One potential complication of H3N2 infection in dialysis patients is acute kidney injury, or AKI, which is a sudden loss of kidney function. AKI can be caused by a number of factors. This includes infections, medications, and other health conditions. In the case of H3N2 infection, the virus can cause inflammation throughout the body, including the kidneys, which can lead to acute kidney injury. The expert added

Symptoms of kidney injury

Since acute kidney injury is a major potential complication of H3N2 infection, symptoms of the disease should be known for prompt treatment. according to experts Symptoms of acute kidney injury may include decreased urine output. water retention and swelling in the legs, ankles, or feet, in severe cases. Acute kidney injury can lead to electrolyte imbalance, seizures, or coma. Treatment of acute kidney injury may include medications to manage the electrolyte imbalance. This includes dialysis to help remove waste products from the blood and restore kidney function.

How can you prevent infection with the H3N2 virus?

Your best defense against the H3N2 virus and its complications, such as acute kidney injury, is to get an annual vaccination. Especially before the start of flu season. For patients requiring dialysis, Dr. Joshi recommends consulting with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action. In addition to vaccination Kidney patients who need dialysis should practice hygienic practices such as washing hands and avoiding close contact with patients. and wearing a face mask in public

H3N2 infection
Avoid crowded places to avoid H3N2 infection. Image courtesy: Shutterstock.

In cases where dialysis patients are infected with H3N2 influenza, they should seek immediate medical attention to prevent complications. Dr. Joshi said, “Antiviral medications may be prescribed to reduce the severity and duration of the illness. And close monitoring for signs of acute kidney injury is important. If acute kidney injury occurs It needs immediate treatment to prevent further damage to the kidneys and other organs.”

Take away

Although the effects of the H3N2 virus on the kidneys are unknown, complications such as acute kidney injury can occur. especially in patients requiring dialysis Vaccination and good hygiene are the best ways to prevent infection. If H3N2 infection occurs in patients with kidney disease Immediate medical attention is needed to avoid complications that could impair your overall health.

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