Marburg disease was recently declared an epidemic by the World Health Organization. In the first outbreak of Marburg disease, an Ebola-related virus has killed nine people in Equatorial Guinea. Central African countries Confirmation that the disease was an epidemic came after health authorities around the world tested samples from shipping countries last week.
So far, 16 suspected cases of Marburg disease have been detected in Equatorial Guinea. Nearly 200 people have been asked to quarantine to curb the spread of the virus.
Although there have previously been outbreaks and isolated cases in other African regions such as Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda, this is the country’s first outbreak in Marburg. highly infectious Which is why you need to know all about this disease.
What is Marburg disease?
Marburg disease is a bat-borne disease that spreads to people through direct contact with infected bodily fluids or objects. According to the World Health Organization The virus that causes Marburg disease is similar to the Ebola virus. It is a highly infectious disease and has a high mortality rate of 88 percent.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Marburg is a rare hemorrhagic fever that can harm body organs and cause bleeding. According to the CDC, it is a zoonotic virus that includes the Ebola virus spill. The combined strains of the filovirus family were first recognized in 1967.
Signs and Symptoms of Marburg Disease
Some of the more common symptoms seen in cases seen in Equatorial Guinea include fever, diarrhea, tiredness, and vomiting. According to the CDC, the incubation period of the disease is 2-21 days and symptoms include:
Some symptoms may appear after the onset of early signs of the disease. These include:
- rash on the back or stomach
- chest pain
- sore throat
- Abdominal pain
severe symptoms of Marburg disease
As the disease progresses, it can cause severe symptoms such as:
What treatment options are there?
There is currently no vaccine or treatment available to protect people from Marburg virus. However, health authorities may use treatment methods such as oral or intravenous rehydration. This may increase survival rates.
To support national response efforts and ensure community cooperation in controlling the outbreak, WHO is sending experts in epidemiology. case management infection prevention laboratory and risk communication
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